Data Processing Center Or Data Center
A Data Center or Data Processing Center (DPC) is the place where they are concentrated processing equipment and data storage of a company or organization. These resources consist essentially of a properly equipped units, computers and communications networks. The Data Processing Center is also known as Datacenter or Data Center. It is usually designed to be extremely safe, home to thousands of servers and databases, data storage, processing large amounts of information.
A Data Center is a building or large room used to keep it a host of electronic equipment. They are usually created and maintained by large organizations in order to have access to information necessary for their operations. For example, a bank may have a data center for the purpose of storing all customer data and the operations they perform on their accounts. Virtually all companies that are medium to large have some form of Data Centers, while the largest reach to have several.
Among the most important factors motivating the creation of a data center can be highlighted to guarantee continuity of service to customers, employees, citizens, suppliers and business partners, because in these areas is very important to the physical protection of computer or communications equipment involved and database servers that may contain critical information.
Data Center Design
The design of a data processing center or data center begins with the choice of geographical location, and requires a balance between several factors:
- Financial costs: land costs, taxes, insurance, etc.
- Infrastructure available nearby: electricity, roads, electricity connections, telecommunication switchboards, fire brigade.
- Risk: the possibility of flooding, fire, theft, earthquake, etc.
After selecting the location, it is necessary to find a suitable premises for their high-end data processing center purpose, whether a local new or an existing building to buy or rent. Some requirements of the units are:
- Double electrical junction.
- Loading and unloading.
- Forklifts and wide doors.
- Height of the plants enough.
- Safety measures in case of fire or flooding, drainage, fire extinguishers, escape routes, fire doors, etc.
- Air conditioning, taking into account to be used for cooling computer equipment.
Some infrastructure deployment inside can be:
- False floors and ceilings.
- Network cabling and telephone.
- Double wiring.
- Generators and electrical switchboards.
- Fitness room.
- Installation of alarms, temperature and humidity control with SNMP or SMTP messages.
A key aspect of these data center infrastructures are those involving physical security of the facility, including:
- Electromagnetic locks.
- Security cameras.
- Motion Detectors.
- Identification cards.
After conditioning the carrier made the installation of computers, local area networks, etc. This task requires a logical design and network environments, especially for the sake of security. Some performances are:
- Creating demilitarized zones (DMZ).
- Segmentation of local networks and creation of virtual networks (VLAN).
- Deployment and configuration of the network electronics, gateways, routers, switches, etc.
- Creation of operating environments, pre-exploitation, application development and network management.
- Creation of the storage network.
- Installation and configuration of servers and peripherals.
Assembled in a room protected from unauthorized access, has raised floor to allow the passage of electrical cables and data, metal cabinets (racks), where they are assembled equipment and a totally controlled environment.
They feature cutting-edge systems for firefighting, intelligent system for early detection of smoke, and fire suppression with inert gas, not to affect the equipment. Access is controlled by electronic cards and / or biometrics, permanent monitoring, access through door-lock.
Precision Air-conditioned, with constant monitoring, maintaining a constant temperature, cooling equipment. Operating environment constantly monitored in all aspects, physical and logical.
The supply of energy, besides the local dealership, uses power generators and large capacity uninterruptible power supply (also commonly known as UPS or UPS) large, mounted in adjoining rooms to keep equipment on, even in event of a fall in supply. Datacenters consume up to one hundred times more energy than a typical office.
Datacenters are designed to meet strict international standards. The infrastructure of data centers requires high physical and logical security, ensured by the most modern technologies in the market. The rules of the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) are the most used, specifically the TIA 942 establishing the safety rating TIER 1-4.
Study: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The text is available under the Creative Commons.