Selecting A Domain Name
First, the name of the domain and the parent domain (usually a top-level domain such as dot-com) shall be selected. Provision should be given to whether third-party rights may be violated) (e.g., registered brand names. In each name letters, numbers or hyphens can be included, making a distinction is made between upper-and lowercase letters. The exact rules (e.g., “a name may not begin with a hyphen”) are before the registrar. Depending on top-level domain registrar, and other special characters may be used. The German registry DENIC allows for example an extra 92 letters (e.g., ä, ö, ü, á, æ), but no other special characters (for example)!, #, Or%. The letter “p” is the DNS equivalent to “ss”.
About the Whois service: It can be determined whether the desired domain name is available at all. Many providers make it on your website, more or less extensive query tools. The country-specific registration body also offers ways to check whether a domain has already been awarded. However, there is usually only involved in each case its own domain. DENIC example, only published information about domains that end with .De.
Some top-level domains (TLDs) constraints exist that may prevent registration. Thus, for example, must have the. Com and. Fr-TLDs, the applicant or his representative an administrative (admin-c) a postal address within the country concerned. Similar applies to .Eu domain. The nationality of the applicant does not matter.
Choosing A Domain Registrar Or Service Provider
There are usually several ways to register your domain:
* Through a direct contract with the operator of a (top level) domain (often expensive, often not easy, sometimes only possible when wholesale prices)
* With a Registrar for the desired higher-level domain
* A registrar with a collaborating service
* Through a reseller or distributor who works with a service provider or registrar
For individuals and small businesses are usually the preferred service providers or their resellers because they are much cheaper and takes over the tedious detail work, service and offers many essential services, plus domain name registration from one source. As a benchmark for the cost of registering the popular domains in the German language, it can be a year from about 0 to 100 € for the registration and 6 to 180 € for the care. This varies with the top-level domains, and with service providers, as well as the volume of services they provide.
Establishment Of The Name Server
Needs to be addressed also, who operates the name servers, which will focus on the future domain. This could be your own server, or managed by an Internet Service Provider. If only a few DNS names required may be waived in some registries to operate their own name servers. The names are then entered on the name server of the registry. DENIC example, authorized in such cases, up to five names for each domain.
The name servers (Denic requires that at least two independent servers are available) should normally be available at the time of registration and the new domain already included. In addition, the name server itself must be registered. Responsible for the registration of holders of the parent domain. This must be done, for example, the registration of the name server ns1.example.com by the holder of the domain example.com.
Expiry Of A Domain Registration
A domain registration is done online via a Web interface, through a proprietary application or through traditional forms, which are then sent by fax or by post. Certain operations, such as deleting the domain or a change of ownership, but can not be automatically carried out in many cases, but need a hand-signed form.
When registering, indicate the name of the domain holder, and various administrative and technical contacts, and which are their mailing addresses. It should be noted that this information is subject to local privacy rules on the Whois service can be accessible to everyone.
Simultaneously with the domain registration will be some DNS registered names and IP addresses. Normally, two or more NS records and, if necessary glue records. For individuals or small businesses without their own name servers a small number of A and MX RRs on the name server of the registrar to be managed.
The arrangements are in the registry. DENIC example, calls for at least two name servers, which also must be located in different subnets. Other registries are or were less restrictive.
Many customers register a domain only with the option of not) to park it (to use or to resell to. There are services which provide, for purposes such temporary name server available. By registering a domain, legal implications are linked.
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