Domain Registration Process | Part 1

Domain Registration Process | Part 1

Typical Domain Registration Process

Domain registration relates to the process through which a webmaster begins to possess control over the website name in return for spending some money to a domain registrar. The process is usually as mentioned below:

1. Process:

1. Select a new domain name.

2. Check if that particular domain can be acquired

3. Provide the required personal information.

4. Select the actual amount of period the particular domain will continue to be registered for you.

5. Register the domain, typically through credit card payment (or also through bank transfer)

2. Once obtained, the new owner of the domain (registrant) must set up a URL to which it should be redirected, IP of the server to resolve through DNS, DNS server used, etc.

3. The domain owner must wait a while for the domain is recognized by all Internet servers. For the .com and .net, delay is between 4 and 8 hours, and for others it is usually between 24 and 48 hours. In this period:
1. InterNIC Registrar contact and makes the process transparent to the registrant.
2. It notifies the registrant that the domain was registered.

4. The new domain works, and the appropriate IP addresses in the DNS server used, but not the rest of the world’s DNS servers. Gradually, the change will propagate to other servers (DNS propagation). As each update is different times and different cache parameters, it takes several hours (it is difficult to predict how many) until all DNS servers in the world knows how to make the resolution of the domain.

5. The site is now accessible through a domain name from any computer.

Standards

Each registrar has specific rules about what is right and what is on issues such as character encoding allowed. See previous article for more details.

A prerequisite for registering a domain is to give truthful information about the registrant name, address (physical and electronic) and telephone contact. These data are important to connect with the head of a domain if there are any problems, for example spam from that direction. All this information can be found with WhoIs program (which is in most operating systems).

Some registrars offer “tricks” legal to show who do not want your personal information. As prohibits ICANN registrar who is himself put your data there, some hire a company proxy (intermediate) used to make representative only. This makes it very difficult to contact the owner in case of technical problems (although in reality most common users are never to WhoIs, but rather expert users, so that eventually is used to avoid legal problems, since it is much more complex to obtain real information if it conceals itself in WhoIs).

NOTICE

The one ICANN assumes an ethical responsibility to the buyers of the domains registered.

There are hundreds of registrars to register domains on the internet but very few are actually approved these accredited registrars do not mere functions of intermediaries, many of them despite having no direct authorization act legally and effectively, however it must be remember facing potential claims that not all operate within this business morality they are not subject to any written contract with ICANN.

The list of registrars approved by ICANN can be viewed at: Accredited by ICANN

Data necessary to register a domain name

The data needed to register a domain are:

– Official Domain Registrar: Company registered in ICANN’s official register which is responsible for preserving the data records.

– Domain Owner: The person or entity listed as owner and rightful owner of the registration period.

– Administrative contact: person or entity designated by the owner listed as the administrator of the domain data for the owner.

– Technical Contact: person or entity that is responsible for the maintenance of the domain’s DNS numbers for correct operation and liaison in the network.

– Billing Contact: person or entity in charge of making the payment by the corresponding domain renewals.

– DNS (Domain Name Servers) (Domain Name Server): These numbers (minimum 2) contained in the registration of domains and show the IP addresses of servers that will handle requests to the domain and redirect them where appropriate based on the nature of each request.

Abuse

The domains are registered according to their availability without checking if it is related to the name you are purchasing or may arise a conflict of law trademark rights. This has led many companies to get engaged in buying names with potential value and then resell them.

Continued…

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