Examples of “business” that are made of domains are:
Staying ahead in the registry
A new company is in growth period probably has no self-control but may in the future will want to have. Some people are ahead and buy that domain when the company is little known even to try to sell more expensive then.
The same can happen with a company already famous: Because there are so many types of TLDs (see list), is unlikely to have purchased your name at all. Someone can buy one of those who have and do not use or attempt to resell them.
This can happen also with names of famous people and why there are people who recorded his name “just in case” they need in the future, thereby participating in the business domains.
ICANN already has a dispute resolution process for these cases, called UDRP. This is a matter of policy made to avoid recourse to legal procedure, much slower and more expensive.
Many people mistakenly typing a domain into the address bar of your browser, and receive an error Unable to find the server. There are companies that register these domains to take your page to those who made a mistake when typing, which can be many if the original page is famous.
The contents that may have the new page can be “just” advertising but also competing products. Many other times only registered the domain to prevent others from doing so before, but not to put a web page, so that leaves in WhoIs but have no web server.
An example: as of January 2006, the following variations are registered microsoft.com (source: WhoIs):
- 9 resulting remove one of the letters
- Double the 9 resulting from a letter
- 8 resulting exchange two adjacent letters
- and many others (changing one letter with another near the keyboard, triple points, add random letters in between, etc.).
And this is only in the .com. Of these domains, few have recorded the original owners: Mircrosoft, microsof, Mircosoft, microosft, Miicrosoft, miccrosoft, micrrosoft, microosoft, microsofft. This greatly increases the annual cost to be present on the Internet and not all companies can afford.
It’s like Google (google.com) because his name is written in many different ways in English is pronounced the same. In can see a list of common errors. Google does not own all these names in each domain (. com, .ru, .of, etc.), but on occasion has been the domain registrar who decided that a name was too similar to Google. Source: ZDNet.com.au.
Some famous with difficult names, like Arnold Schwarzenegger, have registered multiple domains so that visitors can come to your page even when misspelled his surname.
There have been many famous cases ‘ciberokupación’ (which is how you call this in the media), e.g., a person registered thousands of domains with typographical errors that redirected to the public (mainly children) to pornography sites that gave benefits.
When a person registers a domain, makes for a period of time (measured in years). When this period is almost over, it’s the owner concerned to renew the domain, or activate any auto-renewal option, if available at your registrar.
There have been cases where major companies have forgotten to renew the domain, and then another person has used to register the same domain recently released.
The more important is the domain, more people will be trying to “hijack” and that has motivated the creation and automatic mechanisms for recording waiting lists in the domain is free (pre-registration). There are record companies who are dedicated only to this. This is an unreliable mechanism, as several registrars may have their own lists (no official), and only one of the applicants will get the domain. It is considered a scam.
Other businesses are doing business using a core domain name. For example, someone invents an attractive name and “commercial” (in short, that sounds good, easy to remember, etc.) registered that domain, and begins to invent a fictional context and history about this new enterprise: characteristics, priorities, objectives, design, etc. Then put the domain up for sale or auction (e.g., on eBay).
Sometimes rumors are created outside on growth potential of this new company to raise its value (see speculation). But there are some quick creative project without intention of defrauding companies, for example, created from scratch http://24hdc.com/ the foundations of a company and managed to sell it, all within 24 hours.
The business of fraud
It is noteworthy that all the businesses that border fraud or illegality are always profitable for some businesses: the registrars. In all previous cases win. For example:
- People who register domain “just in case” they need in the future.
- Companies that have to buy many typographical variations of its name.
- Many cyber-squatters are willing to buy new domains before the rest.
- Hiring companies that have special services for your domains are not jeopardized.
- Cyber-squatters willing to pay for pre-registration services and enabling them to have a choice of a domain hijack.
Also, when a new domain becomes available (e.g., for a new country), all companies wishing to be present in this new ending will compete to register the domain “valuable” than the competition, giving a further domain name registrations .
ICANN seeks to avoid this by restricting access to certain domains, for example .Cat (adopted in September 2005) is reserved for sites that talk about Catalan culture.
Scams on the issue of domain registration are not uncommon. We can find some tips to avoid them.
Like the first nivel .com.net domains, dot Org and dot info are those who have less “control” over its content, the idea originally era.com for commercial sites, .Net for sites that offer value added services or related to the Internet or computer .org for nonprofit organizations, .info for those websites that its main function was to inform. This administration has been lost since there is no control over content.
In the domain registrar about sex, phishing, piracy, drugs and illegal material that responsibility rests not only on the registrars to give each. ICANN is who makes these security measures, if previously shown that this is an abuse. It is also creating new TLDs to control the content of the pages with content in a more restrictive, for example, the new domain is still awaiting approval for .xxx for adult content.
Study: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The text is available under the Creative Commons.
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