MS Exchange 2007 Hosting
Having built on the success of its predecessor, Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, Exchange Server 2007 is an enterprise class communication suite deployed by organizations large and small to enable their employees to communicate with each other in an organized manor that was previously not possible with existing enterprise collaboration suites.
Because Exchange Server 2007 is much more powerful and has a many more features than Exchange Server 2003 did, both the hardware and software requirements are higher than they were for Exchange Server 2003, meaning that you need a pretty powerful server to drive Exchange Server 2007. The minimum software requirements for Exchange Server 2007 are:
• Windows Server 2003 SP1 or Windows Server 2003 R2
• Microsoft .NET Framework 2.x
• Microsoft Management Console 3.0
• Windows Powershell
• Active Directory
• Active Directory Application Mode (also known as ADAM).
Along with the minimum software requirements, there are also basic hardware requirements that your server will need to meet in order for you to be able to install Exchange Server 2007 on it; these are:
• 64 Bit AMD or Intel Xeon Processor
• 2GB RAM
• 1.2GB free disk space on the disk that you want to install Exchange Server 2007 on
• 200MB free disk space on the system disk
• a DVD drive accessible either locally or over a LAN.
If you are sure that your server meets the minimum requirements both software and hardware wise for Exchange Server 2007, you are reading to install it on your desired machine.
If the server that you want to install Exchange Server 2007 on doesn’t have Active Directory installed on it, or is not part of a Windows domain then you will need to either install Active Directory or join your server up to a local domain of your choice.
Installing Active Directory on a Windows Server 2003 machine is a simple job, but you will need to ensure that you have access to either your Windows Server 2003 CD or the I386 folder of the CD. If you are sure that you have access to either one or the other, you need to navigate to ‘Start > Run’. In the text box appears enter ‘dcpromo’, which should launch the Active Directory and DNS server installation wizard.
Once the installation wizard launches, click the ‘Next’ button near the bottom of the Window twice to navigate to the first option screen.
On the first option screen, you have two options to choose between:
• ‘Domain Controller for a New Domain’ – if you want to create a new domain controller for a new domain, whether you want the new domain to be the child of an existing one, select this option
• ‘Additional Domain Controller for an Existing Domain’ – if you already have a domain running locally and want Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 to form a part of this domain, select this option – this will also mean that you will have at least two domain controllers running in your existing domain.
For our example, we have chosen the first option since we are creating a standalone Microsoft Exchange Server that will not be part of any existing domain.
Once you have selected the appropriate type of domain controller, in our case we have selected the first option, you will need to select the appropriate type of domain in relation to what kind of Exchange server you want to create:
You are able to choose between three different types of domain, meaning that there will be an option to suit almost every need when it comes to adding an Exchange server to a setup; these are:
• ‘Domain in a New Forest’ – if you don’t have a local Microsoft Windows domain already, then you will need to select this option as it will allow you to create a new domain without the need for an existing domain
• ‘Child Domain in an Existing Tree’ – if you already have a local domain, then you will want to select this option as it will allow you to create a sub/child of the existing domain
• ‘Domain Tree in an Existing Forest’ – if you already have 1 or more local domains but don’t want your new domain to be a child of any of them, then select this option as it will allow you to create a new domain but without the need for it to be reliant on any existing domains.
Once you have selected what type of domain you want, you can then proceed to naming it. You should make sure that the domain you enter is the one that you want Exchange server email delivered to. For example we want our new Exchange server to be able to receive email to ‘@eukhost.com’ addresses, so for this case we will enter ‘eukhost.com’ as our domain.
If you then click the ‘Next’ button twice to reach the DNS testing screen, confirming the NETBIOS name and the default paths to certain file stores on your way there, you will be nearing the end of your new Active Directory installation.
If you have configured your external DNS beforehand to work alongside your new Microsoft Exchange Server, the installation wizard should begin to build Active Directory for you and at the same time installing the Microsoft DNS service on your server.
If you have not configured your DNS beforehand, then an error message will appear; if you select ‘I will solve the problem later by configuring DNS manually’, the installation wizard should begin to build Active Directory for you as well as install the Microsoft DNS service for you on your server.
Once the installation wizard completes installation, select the ‘Finish’ button to exit the wizard.
You are now reading to prepare your domain for the installation of Exchange Server 2007.
The first thing to do is insert your Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 DVD into a DVD drive which you can access on your server – whether it be a local DVD drive or a network accessible one. You will then need to navigate to ‘Start > Run’ and in the text box that appears enter ‘Setup.com /PrepareLegacyExchangePermissions’; this command will prepare and set the necessary permissions needed prior to the installation of Exchange Server 2007.
You will then need to prepare the schema for Microsoft Exchange Server 2007. To do this navigate to ‘Start > Run’ once again, and enter ‘Setup.com /PrepareSchema’ in the text box that appears. Command prompt should then open running the necessary commands for you:
The final preparation prior to the installation of Microsoft Exchange Server hosting 2007 will be to prepare the domain that you want to use with your Exchange Server. This is done in much the same way, however there are free different options for you to choose from:
• ‘Setup.com /PrepareDomain’ – this option prepares the local domain that your Exchange Server is related to, or is a controller of
• ‘Setup.com /PrepareDomain:FQDN’ – you can use this option if you want to target a single domain in particular
• ‘Setup.com /PrepareAllDomains’ – if you run a large domain forest then you can use this option if you want to prepare the entire forest for Exchange Server 2007.
Once all the preparations have been made, you can proceed to install Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 itself.
Once you insert your Exchange Server 2007 DVD, you will be presented with the Exchange Server 2007 welcome screen.
Since our server has already been configured, we want to choose Option 4 (‘Install Microsoft Exchange’) to enable us to install the main program.
Once you have accepted the Microsoft license agreement and selected your choice for error reporting, you will need to select the type of Exchange Server 2007 installation you want to have.
You have two options to choose from in the installation wizard:
• Typical Exchange Server Installation – this option will install all the required components to allow you to run a standard installation of Microsoft Exchange Server 2007, if you don’t have the biggest amount of knowledge of Exchange Server then you should select this option
• Custom Exchange Server Installation – if you are an advanced administrator who knows that they’re doing then you should select this option.
The Exchange Server 2007 installation will then perform readiness checks on your server to ensure it is capable of running Exchange Server 2007 with ease.
The Exchange Server wizard will then move on to installing the required components and files to ensure that Exchange Server 2007 is able to run and function with ease on your server, just as long as your server has passed the necessary readiness checks.
Once the Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 installation wizard completes, click the ‘Finish’ button at the bottom of the window in order to exit the setup wizard.
That’s it! You have now installed Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 on your server and are now ready to use the enterprise communication system to receive email and manage appointments, as well as take advantage of many of the other features that Exchange Server 2007 offers you.