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What Is A Website | Part 2

What Is A Website | Part 2

The Website Language – HTML

The most common language with which Web sites are constructed is the HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) and its derivatives. HTML is interpreted by special software called web browser: the most famous include Firefox and Internet Explorer.

Some plugins for browsers allow the display of animated content such as Flash, Shockwave or Java applets.

Some content may be generated dynamically on the user’s browser, for example via JavaScript or Dynamic HTML, technologies supported by default by all modern browsers.

For building dynamic websites that can extract data from databases, send emails, manage contact information, etc. The most common scripting languages are PHP and ASP.

For the creation of websites many webmasters commonly use automated tools, called web-editor, whereby write the code without having a thorough knowledge.

Access to web pages

The pages of a website can be accessed through a common root (called “domain name” for example “www.kernel.org”), followed by a series of optional “sub folders” and the name of the page. The full name of each page is called “web address” or, more technically, URI (or URL).

The home page of a site is the first page that you get just by typing the domain name.

For example, in www.w3c.org/Consortium/Offices/role.html:

* Www.w3c.org/ is the root, or domain name
* Consortium / Offices / subfolders are separated by “/”
* Role.html is the name of the page

Usually the pages of a site all reside on the same Web server, and branching into subfolders of the address corresponds to an equal branch of the same hard disk server.

Some legal issues concerned with websites

Legal aspects related to the publication of documents on a website are often controversial, since documents sites in a given nation are also made available from places with very different laws and customs, but also because the same laws of individual nations follow with difficulty continuous and rapid evolution of the Web

In general, the site content is subjected to the conditions of use of the web space provider (hosting) and the laws of the country in which it is located (eg copyright laws, pornography, etc.)..

Some Website Professionals

Some of the professionals who participate in the creation and maintaining other related functions of Web sites include:

* The webmaster – the web expert who designs the site and is responsible for everything concerned with it
* The expert in information architecture (information architect), which is responsible for organizing the entire site and the navigation structure
* The content manager, the web expert is responsible for drafting the content and logical structure
* The web designer, who is responsible for the graphic (layout)
* The web programmer or developer who is responsible for the conduct of the pages
* Expert web marketing, which is responsible for promoting the site on the web
* Responsible SEO (search engine optimization), which deals with the site’s ranking within search engine indexes.
* The system, which manages the network, hardware and basic software of the Web server that hosts the site.
* The web host and his technical and other support teams look after the hosting and day-to-day of the website’s online performance using different web skills and high-tech web tools.

Study: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The text is available under the Creative Commons.

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