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Roles of Windows Exchange Server 2010 Explained

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  • Roles of Windows Exchange Server 2010 Explained

    What are Exchange 2010 Server Roles?

    Mailbox Sever Role: This server can host mailboxes & public folders. The Mailbox server role is basically general server role and is at the core of an Exchange organization. Usually, the web servers on which the Mailbox server role is installed are known as Mailbox servers.

    Mailbox servers layout the following tasks:
    • Managing size of databases
    • Exchange 2010 Store
    • Public folder databases
    • E-Mail Address Policies
    • Address lists & offline address books (OABs)
    • Calendar Repair
    • Control Multi-Mailbox Searches
    • Importing and Exporting Mailbox Data
    • Endow high availability and site resiliency
    • Endow content indexing
    • Endow messaging records management (MRM) and retention policies


    Client Access Server Role: This server hosts the client protocols, such as POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3), IMAP4 (Internet Message Access Protocol 4), HTTPS (Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol), Outlook Anywhere, Availability service, Autodiscover service & also hosts Web services and Exchange ActiveSync client applications.

    Unified Messaging Server Role: Unified Messaging Server is the server that connects a Private Branch eXchange (PBX) system to Exchange 2010. Unified Messaging (UM) merges voice messaging and e-mail messaging into a single messaging infrastructure. Unified Messaging server role place all the email and voice based messages into a single mailbox, which can be reached through various devices such as Outlook Voice Access, telephone, mobile phone and from computer. Exchange server also offers access to Exchange information, Call answering, Outlook voice access as well as Voice mail.

    Hub Transport Server Role: Hub Transport Server is liable for all internal mail flow within the exchange organization. It is the mail routing server that routes mails within exchange organization. Hub Transport server role is deployed inside your Active Directory Forest. Hub Transport server role upholds all mail flow within the exchange organization, applies journaling policies, transport rules and delivers messages to a recipient's mailbox. Deploying more than one Hub Transport Server in organization offers redundancy & load balancing.

    Edge Transport Server Role: Edge Transport Server is the mail routing server in general sits at the circumference/DMZ (demilitarized zone is a computer host or a small network inserted as a "neutral zone" between a company's private network and the outside public network) of the network & routes mail into and out of the organization. The Edge Transport server role upholds all Internet/untrusted facing mail flow, which offers SMTP relay and smart host services for the Exchange organization. By configuring Send connectors & receive connectors on Edge Transport server you can control message processing. The Edge Transport Server also support the features that provides protection against viruses/spam in & out of exchange organization and apply transport rules to control message flow. You can deploy more than one Edge Transport Server in the circumference/DMZ of the network. Running more than one Edge Transport server offers redundancy and failover efficiencies for your inner message flow & can also load balance SMTP traffic to your organization between Edge Transport servers by defining more than one MX (Mail eXchange) resource record with the same priority in the DNS (Domain Name System).
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